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Development of a physicochemical test kit for on-farm measurement of nutrients in liquid organic manures

  • Optimised use of liquid organic manures (LOM) can reduce the consumption of mineral fertilisers and help reduce the emission of nutrients into nonagricultural ecosystems. To achieve this, farmers need to be able to measure the greatly variable nutrient composition of LOMs as accurately as possible on-farm. Since existing on-farm test methods either need to be precisely adapted to each LOM type or take a long time to perform, a test kit was developed to measure the nutrients of different LOM types within a short time. For the study, 619 LOMs (391 pig slurries, 139 cattle slurries, and 89 digestates) were collected from farms in northwest Germany and analysed in the laboratory for total N, ammonium, phosphorus, and potassium. The samples were analysed in parallel using the on-farm test kit consisting of ion-selective ammonium and potassium electrodes and an automatic moisture analyser to evaluate the comparability of the data. Each measurement could be performed in less than 15 min. Regardless of LOM type, regressions with an R2 > 0.9 could be generated for total nitrogen, ammonium, and potassium, while the models for phosphorus were not as reliable.

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Metadaten
Author:Max-Frederik PiepelORCiD, Hans-Werner OlfsORCiD
Title (English):Development of a physicochemical test kit for on-farm measurement of nutrients in liquid organic manures
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:959-opus-60999
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13020477
ISSN:2077-0472
Parent Title (English):Agriculture
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2023
Release Date:2024/05/27
Tag:ammonium; biogas digestate; cattle slurry; phosphorus; pig slurry; potassium; total nitrogen
Volume:13
Issue:2
Page Number:12
Faculties:Fakultät AuL
DDC classes:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 630 Landwirtschaft, Veterinärmedizin
Review Status:Peer Reviewed
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International