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Challenges and opportunities for grassland restoration: A global perspective of best practices in the era of climate change

  • Grasslands are ubiquitous globally, and their conservation and restoration are critical to combat both the biodiversity and climate crises. There is increasing interest in implementing effective multifunctional grassland restoration to restore biodiversity concomitant with above- and belowground carbon sequestration, delivery of carbon credits and/or integration with land dedicated to solar panels. Other common multifunctional restoration considerations include improved forage value, erosion control, water management, pollinator services, and wildlife habitat provisioning. In addition, many grasslands are global biodiversity hotspots. Nonetheless, relative to their impact, and as compared to forests, the importance of preservation, conservation, and restoration of grasslands has been widely overlooked due to their subtle physiognomy and underappreciated contributions to human and planetary well-being. Ultimately, the global success of carbon sequestration will depend on more complete and effective grassland ecosystem restoration. In this review, supported by examples from across the Western world, we call for more strenuous and unified development of best practices for grassland restoration in three areas of concern: initial site conditions and site preparation; implementation of restoration measures and management; and social context and sustainability. For each area, we identify the primary challenges to grassland restoration and highlight case studies with proven results to derive successful and generalizable solutions.

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Author:Kelly G. LyonsORCiD, Péter TörökORCiD, Julia-Maria Hermann, Kathrin KiehlORCiD, Anita KirmerORCiD, Johannes KollmannORCiD, Gerhard E. OverbeckORCiD, Sabine TischewORCiD, Edith B. AllenORCiD, Jonathan D. BakkerORCiD, Christy Brigham, Elise BuissonORCiD, Kerri CrawfordORCiD, Peter DunwiddieORCiD, Jennifer FirnORCiD, Devin GrobertORCiD, Karen HickmanORCiD, Soizig Le StradicORCiD, Vicky M. TempertonORCiD
Title (German):Challenges and opportunities for grassland restoration: A global perspective of best practices in the era of climate change
Parent Title (German):Global Ecology and Conservation
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2023/08/22
Release Date:2024/01/10
Tag:Carbon sequestration; Climate adaptation; Plant materials; Soils; Target species
Article Number:e02612
Page Number:16
Faculties:Fakultät AuL
DDC classes:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 500 Naturwissenschaften
Review Status:Veröffentlichte Fassung/Verlagsversion
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International