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Iodine uptake and translocation in apple trees grown under protected cultivation

  • Background and Aims: Agronomic biofortification of food crops with iodine may improve the dietary intake of this trace element, which is essential for human development and health. So far, little is known about the suitability of this technique in pome fruits. The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate uptake and translocation of exogenously applied iodine in apple trees, (2) to identify possible strategies of iodine biofortification for this type of fruit, and (3) to evaluate interactions between foliar applied iodine and selenium. Methods: Apple trees were cultivated in a plastic tunnel for two growing seasons. Iodine was applied via leaves or substrate. During the 2nd year, simultaneous foliar application of iodine and selenium were tested as well. At harvest time, iodine and selenium content in leaves and fruits were determined. The phytoavailable iodine concentration in the growing medium was analyzed following an extraction with calcium chloride. In addition, the dynamics of iodine applied as potassium iodide and iodate in a peat‐based substrate was investigated in an incubation experiment without plants. Results: The iodine concentration in washed apples increased more than 100‐fold, valuing around 50 µg (100 g FM)−1 by foliar application of iodine as compared to the control treatment. However, this level was only achieved in fruits which were directly wetted by the spray solution. The translocation of leaf‐absorbed iodine to fruits was negligible. Following a substrate fertilization, the fruit iodine content remained rather low due to a strong retention of iodine in the growing medium. When using foliar sprays, the addition of selenium did not affect the iodine enrichment of the apple fruits. Conclusions: Foliar fertilization of iodine seems to be a promising method to biofortify apples with iodine. The level of I achieved in apple fruits by means of foliar fertilization can significantly contribute to the daily I intake requirement of humans.

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Author:Christoph BudkeORCiD, Diemo DaumORCiD, Karl Hermann MühlingORCiD
Title (English):Iodine uptake and translocation in apple trees grown under protected cultivation
Parent Title (English):Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
Publisher:WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Place of publication:Weinheim
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2020
Release Date:2020/06/11
Tag:agronomic biofortification; foliar sprays; iodate; iodide; selenium; substrate fertilization
First Page:468
Last Page:481
Open Access
Faculties:Fakultät AuL
DDC classes:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 580 Pflanzen (Botanik)
Review Status:Veröffentlichte Fassung/Verlagsversion
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International